آژانس مسافرتی و جهانگردی آلما، برگزار كننده تورهاي داخلي و خارجي، فعالیت خود را از سال 1388 در راستای ارتقای سطح کیفی صنعت مسافرتی و جهانگردی آغاز نمود. این آژانس با داشتن اطلاعاتی کامل در زمینه انواع تورهای مسافرتی، با مدیریت حرفه ای و اصولی، پرسنل کار آزموده و متعهد، راهنمایان حرفه ای و در نهایت انجام تمامی تعهدات نسبت به مسافرین عزیز با رعایت اصل مشتری مداری باعث جذب روز افزون تقاضا جهت استفاده از تورهای آژانس مسافرتی و جهانگردی آلما گردیده است. آژانس مسافرتی و جهانگردی آلما،دارای پروانه بهره برداری از سازمان میراث فرهنگی صنایع دستی و گردشگری استان گلستان بوده و با تخصص در برگزاری تورهای مختلف داخلی و خارجی، آمادگی لازم جهت طراحی تور برای گروههای مختلف بر طبق نیاز مشتریان را دارد .

"If travel is most rewarding when it surprises, then Iran might be the most rewarding and a fascinating destination on Earth" Alma Tour and Travel agency is very pleased to accept tourists from all over the world. We do our best to offer tourism services to you (honored guests) we say and receive so warmly welcome to everybody from all over the world

 

The introduction of citie

 
Shiraz مشاهده در قالب PDF چاپ فرستادن به ایمیل
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پنجشنبه, 02 دی 1395 ساعت 09:29

Introducing Shiraz

Celebrated as the heartland of Persian culture for more than 2000 years, Shiraz has become synonymous with education, nightingales, poetry and wine. It was one of the most important cities in the medieval Islamic world and was the Iranian capital during the Zand dynasty (AD 1747–79), when many of its most beautiful buildings were built or restored.


A city of poets, Shiraz is home to the graves of Hafez and Sa’di, both major pilgrimage sites for Iranians. It’s also home to splendid gardens, exquisite mosques and whispered echoes of ancient sophistication that reward those who linger longer than it takes to visit nearby Persepolis, the area’s major tourism drawcard.


There are the usual Iranian traffic issues, but the city’s agreeable climate, set as it is in a fertile valley once famed for its vineyards, makes it a pleasant place to visit (except at the humid height of summer or the freezing depths of winter).

History

Shiraz is mentioned in Elamite inscriptions from around 2000 BC and it was an important regional centre under the Sassanians. However, Shiraz did not become the provincial capital until about AD 693, following the Arab conquest of Estakhr, the last Sassanian capital (8km northeast of Persepolis, but now completely destroyed). By 1044 Shiraz was said to rival Baghdad in importance and grew further under the Atabaks of Fars in the 12th century, when it became an important artistic centre.


Shiraz was spared destruction by the rampaging Mongols and Tamerlane because the city’s rulers wisely decided that paying tribute was preferable to mass slaughter. Having avoided calamity, Shiraz enjoyed the Mongol and Timurid periods, which became eras of development. The encouragement of enlightened rulers, and the presence of Hafez, Sa’di and many other brilliant artists and scholars, helped make it one of the greatest cities in the Islamic world throughout the 13th and 14th centuries.

Introducing Naqsh-e Rostam & Naqsh-e Rajab

The rock tombs at Naqsh-e Rostam are definitely worth visiting as part of your trip to Persepolis. Hewn out of a cliff high above the ground, the four tombs are believed to be those of Darius II, Artaxerxes I, Darius I and Xerxes I (from left to right as you look at the cliff) although historians are still debating this. The tombs of the later Artaxerxes above Persepolis were modelled on these. The reliefs above the openings to the funerary chambers are similar to those at Persepolis, with the kings standing on thrones supported by figures representing the subject nations below.

The seven Sassanian stone reliefs cut into the cliff depict scenes of imperial conquests and royal ceremonies; there are detailed descriptions in front of the tombs and reliefs.

Facing the cliff is the Bun Khanak (Central Home). This was long thought to be an Achaemenid fire temple, but scholars now argue that it might have been a treasury. The walls are marked with inscriptions cataloguing later Sassanian victories.

Naqsh-e Rajab is directly opposite the turn-off to Naqsh-e Rostam on the old Shiraz–Esfahan road and is worth a quick look. Three fine Sassanian bas-reliefs are hidden from the road by the folds of a rocky hill and depict various scenes from the reigns of Ardashir I and Shapur the Great. A man called Rajab once had a teahouse here, hence the name.


Introducing Pasargadae

The austere and awesomely simple Tomb of Cyrus stands proudly on the Morghab Plain. It consists of six stone tiers with a modest rectangular burial chamber above, and its unique architecture combines elements of all the major civilisations Cyrus had conquered. During the Achaemenid period it was surrounded by gardens and protected, but was plundered by the armies of Alexander the Great, an act that greatly distressed the Macedonian conqueror.

About 1km north of the tomb begin the insubstantial remains of the early Achaemenid empire. Cyrus’s Private Palace is first, notable for its unusual plan, central hall of 30 columns (the stumps of which remain), and wide verandahs front and back. About 250m southeast is the rectangular Audience Palace, which once had an 18m-high hypostyle hall surrounded by smaller balconies. One of the eight white limestone columns has been reconstructed on its uncommon black limestone plinth. In both the Audience Palace and in Cyrus’s Private Palace there is a cuneiform inscription that reads: ‘I am Cyrus, the Achaemenid King’.

Another 500m north of Cyrus’s Private Palace are the remains of the Prison of Solomon (Zendan-e Soleiman), variously thought to be a fire temple, tomb, sun dial or store. On the hill beyond is the Tal e-Takht, which was actually a monumental 6000-sq-metre citadel used from Cyrus’s time until the late Sassanian period. Local historians believe the references to Solomon date from the Arab conquest, when the inhabitants of Pasargadae renamed the sites with Islamic names to prevent their destruction.

Aramgah-e Shah-e Cheragh

Sayyed Mir Ahmad, one of Imam Reza’s 17 brothers, was hunted down and killed by the caliphate on this site in AD 835 and his remains are housed in this glittering shrine. A mausoleum was first erected over the grave during the 12th century but most of what you see dates from the late-Qajar period and the Islamic Republic.

The expansive courtyard is a great place to sit and take in the bulbous blue-tiled dome and dazzling gold-topped minarets while discreetly observing the pious at what is one of the holiest Shiite sites in Iran. In the shrine itself, countless minute mirror tiles reflect the passion within.

In theory, non-Muslims are not allowed to enter the shrine. Enforcement seems to be mixed, but if you are polite and in a small group you may be lucky. Women must enter through a dedicated entrance and wear a chador; these can be hired from one of the old women hanging around the entrance – US$0.50 is a fair fee. Cameras are forbidden.

A recently opened museum is housed in a new building off the northwestern corner of the courtyard (next to the shrine itself) and houses an interesting collection of shrine-related objects, including some highly prized old Qurans upstairs and an absolutely exquisite door decorated with silver, gold and lapis lazuli downstairs.

In the southeastern corner is the Bogh’e-ye Sayyed Mir Mohammad, which houses the tombs of two brothers of Mir Ahmad. The shrine has the typical Shirazi bulbous dome, intricate mirror work and four slender wooden pillars, leading some to describe it as more beautiful than Shah-e Cheragh.

Aramgah-e Hafez

Iranians have a saying that every home must have two things: first the Quran, then a collection of the works of Hafez. And in reality, many would reverse that order. Hafez the poet is an Iranian folk hero – loved, revered and as popular as many a modern pop star. Almost every Iranian can quote his work, bending it to whichever social or political persuasion they subscribe. And there is no better place to try to understand Hafez’s eternal hold on Iran than here at his tomb.

Set in a charming garden with two pools, the whole scene is restful despite the ever-present traffic noise. The marble tombstone, engraved with a long verse from the poet, was placed here by Karim Khan in 1773. In 1935 an octagonal pavilion was put up over it, supported by eight stone columns beneath a tiled dome. Plan to spend a couple of hours sitting in a discreet corner of the grounds, at sunset if possible, to watch the way Iranians react to what is, for many, a pilgrimage site.

You might see people performing the faal-e Hafez, a popular ritual in which you seek insight into your future by opening a volume of Hafez – the future is apparent in his words. After sunset, with the tomb floodlit and sung poetry piped over the public-address system, it is difficult not to feel transported back to the magic of ancient Persia. There’s a teahouse at the front of the garden where you can enjoy a tea, cheap bowl of ash (noodle soup) or faludeh (a frozen sorbet made with thin starch noodles and rosewater).

Aramgah-e Sa’di

While not as popular as Hafez’s tomb, the Aramgah-e Sa’di and its generous surrounding gardens are appropriate for a man who wrote so extensively about gardens and roses. It’s a tranquil place, with the tombstone housed in an open-sided stone colonnade built during the Pahlavi era. Nearby is an overpriced underground teahouse set around a fish pond that is fed by a qanat.

Bagh-e Eram

Famous for its tall cypress trees, this Unesco-listed garden was laid out during the Qajar period but incorporates elements from an earlier Seljuk landscape. Social anthropologists will love it – the many hidden corners of the gardens are wildly popular with young Shirazis, who pay a fraction of the entrance fee that foreigners are charged. The garden is designed around a pretty pool beside a Qajar-era palace, the Kakh-e Eram (Eram Palace), which is not open to the public.

آخرین بروز رسانی در یکشنبه, 05 دی 1395 ساعت 08:20