آژانس مسافرتی و جهانگردی آلما، برگزار كننده تورهاي داخلي و خارجي، فعالیت خود را از سال 1388 در راستای ارتقای سطح کیفی صنعت مسافرتی و جهانگردی آغاز نمود. این آژانس با داشتن اطلاعاتی کامل در زمینه انواع تورهای مسافرتی، با مدیریت حرفه ای و اصولی، پرسنل کار آزموده و متعهد، راهنمایان حرفه ای و در نهایت انجام تمامی تعهدات نسبت به مسافرین عزیز با رعایت اصل مشتری مداری باعث جذب روز افزون تقاضا جهت استفاده از تورهای آژانس مسافرتی و جهانگردی آلما گردیده است. آژانس مسافرتی و جهانگردی آلما،دارای پروانه بهره برداری از سازمان میراث فرهنگی صنایع دستی و گردشگری استان گلستان بوده و با تخصص در برگزاری تورهای مختلف داخلی و خارجی، آمادگی لازم جهت طراحی تور برای گروههای مختلف بر طبق نیاز مشتریان را دارد .

"If travel is most rewarding when it surprises, then Iran might be the most rewarding and a fascinating destination on Earth" Alma Tour and Travel agency is very pleased to accept tourists from all over the world. We do our best to offer tourism services to you (honored guests) we say and receive so warmly welcome to everybody from all over the world

 

The introduction of citie

 
mashhad مشاهده در قالب PDF چاپ فرستادن به ایمیل
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پنجشنبه, 02 دی 1395 ساعت 09:16

Mashhad, Khorasan Razavi province

Mashhad is Iran's holiest and second biggest city. Its meaning and main site is the beautiful, massive and ever-growing haram (shrine complex) commemorating the AD 817 martyrdom of Islam's 8th Imam, Imam Reza. The pain of Imam Reza's death is still felt very personally over a millennium later and around 20 million pilgrims converge here each year to pay their respect (and no small amount of money) to the Imam. Witnessing their tears is a moving experience, even if you're not a muslim yourself. If you notice a lot of young couples, that’s because the city's also a haven for honeymooners, who believe sharing it with the Imam will bless their marriage. Away from the haram complex, Mashhad is a good place to buy a carpets, it's a natural staging post for travel to Turkmenistan and Afghanistan, and offers many interesting excursions into little-touristed Khorasan.

History

Following Imam Reza's burial here, the small village of Sanabad began to attract Shiite pilgrims and soon became known as Mashhad ( place of martyrdom ). Nearby Tus remained a more significant town until 1389 when Tamurlane sacked the whole area and thereafter it was Mashhad that eventually limped back to life as the new capital of Khorasan. The shrine was enlarged in the early 15th century by Tamurlane's son, Shahrokh, and his extraordinary wife Goharshad, for whom the haram's main mosque is named. Once a Safavids has established Shiism as the state creed, Mashhad became Iran's pre-eminent pilgrimage site and Shah Abbas ɪ rebuilt the holy shrine's new core around 1612. Politically, Mashhad reached its zenith under Nader Shah whose empire was focused on Khorasan. Even though Nader was as sunny of missionary zeal, he continued to sponsor the haram .

In 1928 nonreligious buildings within 180 m of the holy shrine were flattened to make way for the haram's biggest enlargement to date. Prior to 1979 revolution this religious "island" was further expanded to 320m and construction continued apace ever since. When historians look back on the era of the Islamic Rebublic they will point to the haram as its greatest architectural achievement. Meanwhile, the charitable foundation that manages the shrine Astan-e Qods e  Razavi has become a business conglomerate, managing enterprises from backing to carpets, and mineral to transport. But most of the money comes from donation, bequests and the selling of grave sites: to be buried near the Imam is a great honuor  and suitably expensive.

The martyrdom of Imam Reza

Within Mashhad's holy shrine, pilgrims break into conspicuous, heartfelt out pouring of grief foe murdered Imam Reza as though his assassination (with poisoned grapes and pomegranate juice ) where only yesterday. In fact it was AD 818 .

The story starts twenty years earlier with Haroun-Ar-Rashid, immortalized as the great caliph in the Arabian Nights fairy tales. Less fictionally Haroun ruled the Abbasid caliphate and was very influential bringing Greek-style analytic thinking and cosmopolitan sophistication to Arab-muslim society .His temporal power unassailable.

But coveted the spiritual pre-eminence of Musa, The seventh Shiite Imam .Musa was eventually slapped into Haroun's Baghdad jail, then killed.

Musa's 35 year-old son Ali Al-Reza (Razavi) inherited his father's pious mental, becoming Imam Reza. Meanwhile after Haroun's death, Haroun's son Ma'mun and Amin slogged out a civil war to succeed their dad as caliph. Ma'mun based temporarily in Merv, emerged victorious but needed Reza's help to calm a series of revolts. Having failed to entice the Imam to support him voluntarily in their effort .Ma'mun's agents dragged Reza forcibly across rebellious regions as symbol of imperial power. However, the poly appeared to backfire. The Imam's charismatic presence captivated the royal court, leaving Ma'mun's worry that he'd be upstaged. So out came those deadly grapes, Ma'muns disguised the crime by honoring Reza's body with burial in Sanabad (today's Mashhad) close to Ma'mun's own father( and Reza's father's nemesis ) caliph Haroun.

Nader Shah Mausoleum

Elsewhere in the Middle East Nader shah is considered something of a historical tyrant .But here he's a local hero for briefly returning Khorasan to the center of a vast central Asian Empire .Nader's horseback statue crowns his otherwise rather dour 1950s gray granite mausoleum which was designed to emulate the lines of the tent (reputedly Nader Shah was born and died under canvas).A small museum displays guns, a rhino-hide shield and four pointed hats that must have made Afshar-dynasty courtiers look like jesters.

Tus (Ferdusi)

Just as Stratfort-upon-Avon in England is synonymous with Shakespeare, so Tus is inextricably linked with Persia's 11th century epic poet AbulQasim Ferdusi, setting its own park and topped by a classically styled stone cenotaph. The current mausoleum only dates from 1964 but there's been a tomb of sorts here since Ferdusi's death in AD 1020.He was originally interred in his own garden because the local muslim cemetery considered his writings too anti-islamic for burial there. Similar extreme feelings resurfaced very briefly during the earliest throes of 1979 revolution during which the mausoleum was damaged.

Beneath the main monument a series of reliefs represent Ferdusi's works. In the rare section of the park the Razan gate shows how incredibly thick Tus's original mud-brick city walls once were. Tus was Khorasan's foremost city before being so comprehensively sacked by Tamerlane's forces (1389) that it was effectively abandoned.

Omar Khayyam tomb complex

Neishabur's main attraction remains Khayyam's tomb. It present form is a distinctive 1970s modernist affair with diamond shaped lozenges of calligraphy tiling (Khayyam's words, naturally) set in a curved, airy net of crisscrossed marble. Don't be surprised to find random Iranians bombarding you with recitations of Khayyam's verses as you ponder the monument. In an observatory built by the Seljuk's mathematician and poet Ommar Khayyam (1048 -1123) calculates the length of the year as 365 days preceding the Gregorian calendar by almost 500 years. His calendar is well-known as Jalali calendar.

Sheikh Attar

The octagonal tomb tower of sheikh Attar sits in another pretty garden, 1 km west (a popular horse- and – carriage ride).

Shah Abbas caravanserai

Central Neishabur is really exciting place and it is very close to Khyyam sq, the restored Shah Abbas caravanserai hosts souvenir shops, the sofrekhaneye Sonnati Abbas shah traditional tea house and small nature museum is available enjoy there from local speciality of Rhubarb and try the sorbet drink. At the museum you'll see local animals, pinned insects and pickled snakes, notice the bottled human fetuses. The best souvenir of Neishabur is very famous turquoise. Don't miss it. It's really extraordinary souvenir.

Jami mausoleum (Torbat jam)

Torbate Jam's highly impressive must seesight is the beautiful Jami mausoleum complex. Here, ten religious buildings inter twine around the grave of 12th century Sunni mystic and poet Sheikh Ahmad Jami. His tombstone rests under a very old pistachio tree, above which soars a particularly impressive blue tiled main iwan. In this iwan there are three doors. The one to the right is open to all visitors and leads through small sanctuary into a inner courtyard across which is the AD 1442" new mosque". Look for the magnificent vaulted ceilings and octagonal columns on either side of its prayer hall. It's new compared to the 1302 Atirgh mosque behind you on the same courtyard, which has double-level arch-vaults and fragments of beautiful calligraphy.

آخرین بروز رسانی در یکشنبه, 05 دی 1395 ساعت 07:35